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MtDNA haplogroup N

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Mitochondrial haplogroup N is a major haplogroup among non-Africans, along with M. It is a descendant of L3.

It is defined by transitions (towards CRS!) at sites 8701, 9540, 10398, 10873 and 15301.


Phylogeny under N:Edit

(Per PhyloTree 2010)

  • N3 (West Asia: Iran, Marsh Arabs - reported extra-officially)
  • N8 (South China)
  • N9 (East Asia from Mongolia to Japan. '[2]
    • N9a (East Asia and SE Asia, e.g. Laos)
    • N9b (in East Asia)
    • Y (in East Asia)
  • N10 (Southeast China) [4]
  • N11 (South China) [4]
  • N13 (among Australian Aborigines of the Kimberly region)
  • N14 (among Australian Aborigines of the Kimberly region)
  • N21 (in SE Asia: centered around Cambodia, Indonesia, Cham - a derived form concentrates in West Malaysia - Min-Sheng Peng 2010) [2] [3]
  • N22 (Maly, Laos, SE Asia) [2]
  • A (in NE and Central Asia. A2, a subclade of A4, to America. A5b to Laos) [2]
    • A3'4'7'9'11
    • A5 (East Asia, A5b Hmong Mien and SE Asia)
    • A8 (Volga Tatars, Ainu)
    • A10 (Tibet, Volga Tatars) [5]
  • O (among Australian Aborigines, especially in central Australia)
    • O1
  • S (widespread among Australian Aborigines)
    • S1
    • S2
    • S3'4'5
  • X [1]
    • X1'2'3 (X1 in West Asia and NE Africa, X2 in West Eurasia, Central Asia, and amoung some Native North Americans. X2 makes up 7% of Sahariya tribals of Madhya Pradesh)
    • X4 (?)
  • R (a major widespread subclade)



References:

1)

http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0032546

2)

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3050724/

3)

http://mitotool.org/lab/pdf/MBE2010%20Peng-Cham%20paper.pdf

4)

http://mbe.oxfordjournals.org/content/28/1/513.full



5)

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20623602




General references:

http://www.phylotree.org/tree/main.htm

http://www.scs.illinois.edu/~mcdonald/WorldHaplogroupsMaps.pdf

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_N_(mtDNA)

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